Food is a group of substances needed to grow the body and make up for the damage of its tissues and cells, in addition to providing the energy and warmth necessary for its movement and activity, and the food has a great impact on the mood and thinking and nerves of human, even was said: “You do not eat.”
Nutrition between yesterday and today?
The subject of nutrition was of no interest to anyone until very recently; it was common for a man to know what was good for him. He ate the food he desired, which the parents and grandparents ate and lived for a long time in good health. The only thing to avoid was food And drink that grandparents did not eat, which is forbidden by religious traditions and beliefs.
There is now no food-drug boundary. Malnutrition and the lack of certain vitamins in food have been shown to cause many acute diseases: bilagra, scorpion, rickets, anemia, and others.
Many chronic diseases can be controlled by a special diet, which reduces the patient’s permanent need to take harmful chemotherapy drugs such as diabetes, blood pressure and fluidity.
In many developing countries, nutrition is a difficult social problem, which can only be overcome by using scientific methods and by realizing the real dimensions of the problem and their possible resolution.
Nutrition and Medicines:
Proper nutrition does not require one to stop eating the traditional foods he loves, but rather to place them in the right place in the light of modern scientific trends and to supplement them or adjust in terms of the quantities he takes. His food.
Unfortunately, we consume large quantities of vitamins, tonics, laxatives and antacids, all of which can be dispensed with in many cases if we are careful to regulate food, to abstain from foods that are not easily digested by our equipment, and to replace them with others. Easiest and best composition.
It is hard to believe that the human body does not store vitamins, but consumes what it needs, and then gets rid of the excess immediately, and that excessive intake of certain vitamins may cause harmful physiological and pathological changes, and that Fresh, neutral foods contain all the human vitamins, salts and natural supplements that are needed. Excessive use of antacids usually causes digestive disorders due to lack of digestion of digestive juices, sometimes causing increased blood alkalinity, leading to loss of appetite, headaches, And Nervousness, complaining of muscular pain, and general weakness.
Excessive intake of laxatives can lead to chronic inflammation of the large intestine. It also prevents the body from benefiting from the food you eat. The use of laxative oils such as kalaparin prevents the absorption of certain vitamins, drugs and other essential nutrients.
The prevalence of chronic colitis, dyspepsia, constipation and gastrointestinal upset is due to the prevalence of harmful eating habits prevalent among the peoples of the region, and adherence to erroneous traditions in eating and drinking and methods of preparation.
Fresh fruits and vegetables:
“Food shortages” have been epidemic in the Middle Ages; the scarcity of meals at the time contains fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain an adequate amount of different vitamins, essential for many biological and protective processes of the body; Some of the diseases that were considered by the intractable hopeless of healing; diseases: Palagra: caused by the lack of acid Nekotnik (a component of vitamin B compound), Scorpio: resulting from vitamin C deficiency and berry: resulting from vitamin B deficiency, rickets and Lin Osteoporosis: Fetal deficiency ? d, night Elasha: resulting from vitamin A deficiency, malignant anemia caused by lack of vitamin B etc.
Therefore, it is better for a person to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and to cook them with understanding and care; because if neglected, the body will not extract any vitamins.
Many people have become accustomed to eating bread as a staple. Other peoples have become accustomed to rice as a staple food, consuming plenty of food at every meal. As the bread industry progresses, man takes the flour out of flour to produce a loaf of white, And some of the American and European countries have committed bakeries to add thiamin (vitamin B1), niacin (nicotinic acid), iron to bread, as you think Some countries – in addition – a Spyware in calcium and powdered milk for bread; the high nutritional value, especially among the poorer classes that do not create their economic conditions sufficient diversification in the food, which depend on bread as food essential to them.
Milk, eggs and meat:
Milk and milk products play an important role in the human diet. It consists of 86% water, 5% lactose, 4% fatty substances, 5% proteins and mineral substances such as calcium, phosphorus and vitamins A and D. Be careful to eat it once or twice a day in one way or another, because it is a full food.
The egg is also a food of nutritional importance, consisting mainly of proteins necessary to build the body, and compensate for damaged tissue, in addition to containing many of the mineral materials: phosphorus, iron and some vitamins, and comes eggs after milk directly in importance as a protective food diseases; A person who consumes a reasonable amount of milk, eggs, vegetables and fresh fruit in his food can live properly without complaining of symptoms of malnutrition or nutritional deficiencies.
Meat and fish are particularly important in modern feeding systems. Their proteins contain all the essential amino acids necessary for body growth and tissue replacement; they also contain a reasonable amount of carbohydrates and fatty substances, as well as some vital vitamins and minerals. Fish oils are rich in vitamin A And vitamin D is essential for the safety of bones and teeth; fish also contain a small percentage of iodine required for thyroid activity in the secretion of thyroxine necessary for normal body growth and food representation.
Fatty substances and oils are excellent food for energy generation, so all organisms are keen to store fat as a source of energy, unlike other nutrients, but excessive intake of fatty substances impairs digestion; for disturbances in the secretion of digestive juices and in the process of chemical reactions to digest Sound.
It is important to note that when weight loss is intended or stopped by food (by special dieting), it is not necessary to refrain from starchy and fatty substances altogether, but to take into account the balance between what we eat and what we eat. We eat from it what we consume in the form of energy, and do not keep anything of it if consumed during our daily work, on the other hand, the body may make fat and store it from food devoid of it; it converts the excess of starch and protein to fat.
Nutrition benefits and assets:
What is the purpose of nutrition? How and when to eat ?!
Eating a normal job, we have to do, and it is our duty to enjoy it so as to facilitate digestion, and that any color of food is not desired by the stomach, one should stop eating; the colors of food are many, and their forms varied, so that can exclude one or two Of which.
The main purposes of nutrition are: Extend the body energy necessary for various aspects of its activity, and the construction of tissue and maintain vitality, and compensation of damaged, and the prevention of diseases, and all this requires good selection and classification to obtain a balanced diet, and the amount of food and times of eating are important factors affecting The digestion of food and the desired benefit of it; because the overeating the stomach constantly in large quantities of food represents a heavy burden on the digestive system, unable to perform its work to the fullest; has guided the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him one to divide his stomach into three parts, a third of the food, And one third of water And the remaining third of the air, until the process of digestion in pleasure and ease.
The secretion of the digestive juices depends on many factors, the most important of which are: regularity of the dates of eating; the recurrence of certain dates of the most powerful factors of regularity of the secretion of the stomach, and often lead to negligence in the consequences of severe unjustly attributed to food, and the strongest direct stimuli for the secretion of stomach feeds meat, The secret to preferring to start eating is to eat soup, which is also the main reason for labeling. The vitamin B1 plays an important role in the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, so it should always be available in food.
Eating three meals a day is the best diet in the body. However, a person should not leave his home or start his business without a breakfast. He should not forget his concerns about eating food on time. He should also eat two hours before bedtime At least, so that the period between two meals is not less than 4-5 hours, which is necessary for digestion of food in the stomach and its transfer to the small intestine, and it is desirable that the amounts of food converge in the three meals; for adults under normal circumstances, and children and patients may need to More number of meals.
It is recommended to drink water before eating to alert the stomach. Water occupies an important place in human life. It helps to flush blood and digestive juices, activates the secretions of the body, acts as a solvent for food, prevents the multiplication of germs in the intestines and is not absorbed in the stomach. Most of it in the intestine, and the amount of water required for an adult between 6 – 8 glasses a day, and it is recommended – in cases of constipation – drink a cup or two cups of lukewarm water after rising from sleep directly, and moderate drinking during food does not harm it.
The habit of drinking iced water during meals on hot days is usually harmful to the body. It often affects digestion. Ice water hinders gastric secretions, delays digestion, and extreme temperatures often increase or decrease inflammation. Membrane lining of the stomach.
Child and mother’s milk:
Breast milk is considered the most appropriate food for the infant, because it contains all the elements necessary for its food, because it fits his digestive system. It also contains many immune factors that protect against disease. It carries the characteristics of compassion and tenderness, and the happiest child who feeds on what God has prepared for him is full food. Breast milk! His chances of enjoying good health are much greater than that of a child who is living on artificial feeding. The child grows rapidly. His weight doubles in six months, and at the end of the year he weighs three times his weight at birth.
The mother must take care of all the means that give birth to her child to keep her newborn, and work to protect him from diseases, and keen to enjoy the fresh air, and the sun’s quiet.
It is recommended to breastfeed the baby every 24 hours six times in the first month from 6 am to 9 pm, so that he does not nurse during the night rest for his digestive system, and five feeds until the end of the fourth month, and four feeds until the end of the eighth month, and then three times a day in addition to some foods Light.
Food for the elderly:
It is scientifically proven that the symptoms of aging usually begin at the age of 50; changes occur in the chemistry of the body’s cells, and what the elderly actually need is the increased protein needed for the vitality of the tissues, as well as calcium and iron And vitamins, while reducing starchy and fatty substances, and take care of cooking well.
It is important to note that many modern diseases can be prevented or treated with a special diet. For example, in cases of hypersensitivity, it is necessary to immediately abstain from the causative agent. These factors include many foods such as milk, eggs, fish, mangoes , Some vegetable oils, etc., in addition to many other factors causing the sensation.
In the case of ulceration of the stomach, it is necessary to increase the intake of milk and milk products, boiled foods and juices, as well as abstain from smoking, eating fatty foods, spices and salads, and eating stimulants such as coffee and tea, as well as wines.
Food plays a major role in the treatment of gout, despite the availability of effective drugs. Food should be free from protein (meat, fish, liver, kidney, and brain) as much as possible while reducing syrups and increasing starchy substances, Meets the need of the body, while abstaining from drinking coffee, tea, cocoa, and wines.
Foods that are rich in vitamin B12, such as fresh liver, and liver and jaundice patients, whose food should contain large amounts of sugars, carbohydrates and proteins, limit the intake of fatty substances as much as possible, To avoid the spice, and irritating foods, and refrain completely from eating alcohol of all kinds;
Many cases of diabetes can be treated with food regulation alone, especially in cases of early diagnosis of the disease, by reducing carbohydrates and fatty substances, and the proliferation of proteins and vitamins, in addition to a reasonable physical effort to help burn blood sugar.
The diet of heart and kidney patients depends on the reduction of synovial substances and the proliferation of easily digestible starchy substances such as sweets, honey, jams and fruit, with the amount of fatty substances, and patients with high blood pressure and angina should be avoided emotional emotions, and away from fatty foods and salt food, Smoking, abstaining from using alcohol that Allaah has forbidden, leaving stimulants, multiplying fruits and vitamins, and giving birth to physical and mental rest.
Doctors recommend good nutrition and plenty of fluids for patients with fevers so that their bodies can resist disease. Good food containing all the beneficial elements of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and mineral salts is an important component in TB patients of all kinds and to prevent many infectious diseases.
You should check with your specialist doctor if you complain about any offer that may be a serious illness, or neglect your treatment in the cradle and leave to get sick.